Most people will suffer from headaches at some point or another throughout their lives. Pain in the head or face is the primary sign of a headache. Headaches come in a variety of types, with tension headaches being the most prevalent. While the majority of headaches are not harmful, some types may indicate a serious underlying illness.
Headaches are pains in the head or face that are frequently described as throbbing, continuous, severe, or dull pressure. The kind, intensity, location, and frequency of headaches can all vary greatly.
Most people will suffer from headaches at some point or another throughout their lives. They are the most prevalent type of discomfort and the main cause of absences from work or school as well as doctor appointments.
Most headaches are harmless, but other types may indicate a more serious problem.
More than 150 different types of headaches exist. Primary and secondary headaches are the two main classifications.
Primary headaches are caused by the dysfunction or overactivity of pain-sensitive brain structures. They don’t indicate or result from an underlying medical condition. It’s possible that some people have genes that increase their risk of getting primary headaches.
Some lifestyle choices or situations, might cause some main headaches, such as:
Although primary headaches are usually not harmful, they can be excruciatingly unpleasant and interfere with your daily activities.
Secondary headaches are brought on by an underlying medical problem. They are seen as an indication or symptom of an illness.
Following treatment for the underlying illness, certain types of secondary headaches that aren’t necessarily harmful go away, including:
Secondary headaches of the following kind may indicate a serious or potentially fatal condition:
Spinal headaches: Spinal headaches are severe headaches that develop after a spinal tap, typically when spinal fluid spills out of the membrane that covers your spinal cord. The majority of spinal headaches are treatable at home, but protracted, untreated spinal headaches can result in potentially fatal side effects such as subdural hemorrhage and convulsions.
Thunderclap headaches: A thunderclap headache is a severe headache that appears out of nowhere and is exceedingly unpleasant. This kind of headache lasts for at least five minutes before it reaches its peak intensity. Even while thunderclap headaches occasionally aren’t harmful, it’s still crucial to get help right away. They might indicate:
A primary headache disorder is a migraine. The most prominent symptom of a migraine, a common neurological disorder, is a severe headache on one side of the brain. Activities, lights, sounds, or odors can all make migraines worse. They typically linger for days or at least four hours.In India, migraine frequency ranges from 14.12% to 25.2%. Studies in the South Indian population have revealed a surprisingly high prevalence of migraine in women—more than 35%—when compared to the Western population.
Anyone, including kids, teenagers, and adults, can get headaches. A headache affects 96% of people at some point in their lives. Around 10% of people worldwide experience migraine headaches, compared to 40% who experience tension-type headaches.
If you or your child experiences any of the following signs or conditions, consult our neurologists right away:
It’s crucial to speak with your neurologist if your headaches are making it difficult for you to operate normally or are impacting your mood. If at all feasible, attempt to put your headache-related feelings in writing. When you speak with your provider, keeping a journal of your headaches and how they make you feel might be useful.
The most crucial step in making a diagnosis is sharing information about your headaches with your healthcare professional. You increase your chances of receiving an accurate diagnosis and a course of therapy that will make you feel better by providing your doctor with as much information as you can about your headaches.