Overactive Bladder

Have you heard the term “overactive bladder,”? Do you know what exactly it means?

It indicates that the person has cravings to urinate more frequently than usual, is unable to hold the urine, and will leak urine if they do try to hold it.

A number of symptoms are indicative of an overactive bladder (OAB)

  • including increased frequency of voiding and
  • Urgency (with or without leaking)
  • Nocturia (waking up to urinate at least 2 times every night).

The National Association for Continence estimates that 33 million women in the US have OAB, and many of them also experience incontinence problems.

So, what’s the big deal?

Well, it starts to influence your decisions and have an impact on your daily activities when you are constantly worried about finding the closest restroom.

This ailment has a significant impact on both emotional and mental health, making it more than just a discomfort to the body. It can seriously interfere with your sleep and interfere with your sexual life.

Most persons over the age of 50 experience all of these issues. But due to changes in eating habits, diseases like these are now affecting even young people.


These healthy lifestyle choices may reduce your risk of overactive bladder:

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get regular, daily physical activity and exercise.
  • Limit caffeine and alcohol.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Manage chronic conditions, such as diabetes, that might contribute to overactive bladder symptoms.

Risk Factors

Overactive bladder is a condition that is more likely to develop as you age. Additionally, you have a larger chance of developing illnesses and conditions like diabetes and an enlarged prostate, which can worsen existing bladder function issues.

Overactive bladders are common in patients with cognitive loss, such as those who have had a stroke or have Alzheimer’s disease. This kind of leakage can be controlled using hydration schedules, timed and prompted urination, absorbent clothing, and bowel programs.

You should let your doctor know if you have issues with bowel control or if you have an overactive bladder.


Your doctor will make sure you don’t have an infection or blood in your urine if you experience unusual desires to urinate. Additionally, your doctor may want to make sure that every time you urinate, you completely empty your bladder.

Your urologist will search for indicators that could also point to contributory issues. Your appointment is probably going to include a:

Medical background

  • Physical examination, which may include a pelvic and rectal examination for women.
  • a urine sample to check for an infection, blood traces, or other anomalies
  • a focused neurological examination that may reveal sensory or reflex disorders



Treatment of overactive bladder is available at Orchid Medical Centre, Ranchi.

The most effective way to manage the symptoms of an overactive bladder may be to combine many different treatment methods. It could consist of behavioral therapies, medications, bladder injections, nerve stimulation, and surgeries.

Dr. Shanawaz Alam
(MBBS, MS, M.Ch.)
Consultant Urologist
Orchid Medical Centre

Recent Posts