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Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in a woman’s genital tract, it is called genital tract cancer. There are three main types of genital tract cancer: uterine cancer (cancer of the uterus), ovarian cancer (cancer of the ovaries) and cervical cancer (cancer of the cervix). Of all genital tract cancers, only cervical cancer has screening tests that can detect this cancer early. This may make the treatment most effective. Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any genital tract cancer except cervical cancer, it is especially important to recognize the warning signs and know if there is anything you can do to reduce your risk.
Uterine cancer is a general term that describes cancer of your uterus, or womb:
Uterine cancer is of two types of cancer: endometrial cancer (more common) and uterine sarcoma.
Endometrial cancer develops in the endometrium, the inner lining of your uterus. It is one of the most common gynecological cancers. This is cancer affecting your reproductive system.
Uterine sarcoma develops in the myometrium, the muscular wall of your uterus. Uterine sarcoma rarely occurs in women.
There are several risk factors for endometrial cancer.
Cancer develops when cells in your body start growing abnormally. It can happen in any area of the body. When this abnormal growth occurs in the ovaries, it is called ovarian cancer.
As you get older, your risk of developing ovarian cancer also increases.
Another risk factor is Lynch syndrome. This disorder tends to run in families and may increase the risk of developing colon cancer. Lynch syndrome is associated with several other types of cancer. If you have Lynch syndrome, it may increase your risk of developing other cancers.
Cervical cancer begins on the surface of your cervix. This happens when cells in your cervix begin to transform into precancerous cells. Not all precancerous cells will turn into cancer, but finding these problematic cells and treating them before they replace them is important for preventing cervical cancer.
In many cases, some risk factors for cervical cancer can be avoided, while others are not within your control. There are some risk factors under your control:
Being diagnosed with cancer can be shocking and scary. Discuss any questions and concerns you may have with your gynecologist. Understand your diagnosis and treatment plan. Having friends and family to support you during this time can help boost your morale in coping with this terrible disease. Diagnosis of this terrible disease and early detection of irregular cells in your genital tract is important for its treatment. You can reduce the chances of having genital tract cancer by regularly visiting your gynaecologist and having safe sex.
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